Peercoin: The Uncelebrated Altcoin

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FOREX community for cryptocurrencies. Tags: mt gox bitcoin, long term potential, open source exchange, low inflation rate, demand and price, technical analysis, fundamentals, Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Monero, Dash, Augur, token, volume, oscillator, RSI, stochastic, trend, sentiment, strategy, scam, coin, coinmarketcap, altcoin, Peercoin, script, blockchain, PoW, PoS, Proof of Work,
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Gridcoin 5.0.0.0-Mandatory "Fern" Release

https://github.com/gridcoin-community/Gridcoin-Research/releases/tag/5.0.0.0
Finally! After over ten months of development and testing, "Fern" has arrived! This is a whopper. 240 pull requests merged. Essentially a complete rewrite that was started with the scraper (the "neural net" rewrite) in "Denise" has now been completed. Practically the ENTIRE Gridcoin specific codebase resting on top of the vanilla Bitcoin/Peercoin/Blackcoin vanilla PoS code has been rewritten. This removes the team requirement at last (see below), although there are many other important improvements besides that.
Fern was a monumental undertaking. We had to encode all of the old rules active for the v10 block protocol in new code and ensure that the new code was 100% compatible. This had to be done in such a way as to clear out all of the old spaghetti and ring-fence it with tightly controlled class implementations. We then wrote an entirely new, simplified ruleset for research rewards and reengineered contracts (which includes beacon management, polls, and voting) using properly classed code. The fundamentals of Gridcoin with this release are now on a very sound and maintainable footing, and the developers believe the codebase as updated here will serve as the fundamental basis for Gridcoin's future roadmap.
We have been testing this for MONTHS on testnet in various stages. The v10 (legacy) compatibility code has been running on testnet continuously as it was developed to ensure compatibility with existing nodes. During the last few months, we have done two private testnet forks and then the full public testnet testing for v11 code (the new protocol which is what Fern implements). The developers have also been running non-staking "sentinel" nodes on mainnet with this code to verify that the consensus rules are problem-free for the legacy compatibility code on the broader mainnet. We believe this amount of testing is going to result in a smooth rollout.
Given the amount of changes in Fern, I am presenting TWO changelogs below. One is high level, which summarizes the most significant changes in the protocol. The second changelog is the detailed one in the usual format, and gives you an inkling of the size of this release.

Highlights

Protocol

Note that the protocol changes will not become active until we cross the hard-fork transition height to v11, which has been set at 2053000. Given current average block spacing, this should happen around October 4, about one month from now.
Note that to get all of the beacons in the network on the new protocol, we are requiring ALL beacons to be validated. A two week (14 day) grace period is provided by the code, starting at the time of the transition height, for people currently holding a beacon to validate the beacon and prevent it from expiring. That means that EVERY CRUNCHER must advertise and validate their beacon AFTER the v11 transition (around Oct 4th) and BEFORE October 18th (or more precisely, 14 days from the actual date of the v11 transition). If you do not advertise and validate your beacon by this time, your beacon will expire and you will stop earning research rewards until you advertise and validate a new beacon. This process has been made much easier by a brand new beacon "wizard" that helps manage beacon advertisements and renewals. Once a beacon has been validated and is a v11 protocol beacon, the normal 180 day expiration rules apply. Note, however, that the 180 day expiration on research rewards has been removed with the Fern update. This means that while your beacon might expire after 180 days, your earned research rewards will be retained and can be claimed by advertising a beacon with the same CPID and going through the validation process again. In other words, you do not lose any earned research rewards if you do not stake a block within 180 days and keep your beacon up-to-date.
The transition height is also when the team requirement will be relaxed for the network.

GUI

Besides the beacon wizard, there are a number of improvements to the GUI, including new UI transaction types (and icons) for staking the superblock, sidestake sends, beacon advertisement, voting, poll creation, and transactions with a message. The main screen has been revamped with a better summary section, and better status icons. Several changes under the hood have improved GUI performance. And finally, the diagnostics have been revamped.

Blockchain

The wallet sync speed has been DRASTICALLY improved. A decent machine with a good network connection should be able to sync the entire mainnet blockchain in less than 4 hours. A fast machine with a really fast network connection and a good SSD can do it in about 2.5 hours. One of our goals was to reduce or eliminate the reliance on snapshots for mainnet, and I think we have accomplished that goal with the new sync speed. We have also streamlined the in-memory structures for the blockchain which shaves some memory use.
There are so many goodies here it is hard to summarize them all.
I would like to thank all of the contributors to this release, but especially thank @cyrossignol, whose incredible contributions formed the backbone of this release. I would also like to pay special thanks to @barton2526, @caraka, and @Quezacoatl1, who tirelessly helped during the testing and polishing phase on testnet with testing and repeated builds for all architectures.
The developers are proud to present this release to the community and we believe this represents the starting point for a true renaissance for Gridcoin!

Summary Changelog

Accrual

Changed

Most significantly, nodes calculate research rewards directly from the magnitudes in EACH superblock between stakes instead of using a two- or three- point average based on a CPID's current magnitude and the magnitude for the CPID when it last staked. For those long-timers in the community, this has been referred to as "Superblock Windows," and was first done in proof-of-concept form by @denravonska.

Removed

Beacons

Added

Changed

Removed

Unaltered

As a reminder:

Superblocks

Added

Changed

Removed

Voting

Added

Changed

Removed

Detailed Changelog

[5.0.0.0] 2020-09-03, mandatory, "Fern"

Added

Changed

Removed

Fixed

submitted by jamescowens to gridcoin [link] [comments]

Peercoin v0.9 (Codename Strider) Released - Includes Update to PoS Reward Economics - Hard Fork is June 8th, 2020 - Upgrade Today!

Peercoin v0.9 (Codename Strider) Released - Includes Update to PoS Reward Economics - Hard Fork is June 8th, 2020 - Upgrade Today!
NOTE: If you are new to Peercoin, check out the Peercoin Primer, a short 5 part video series covering the basic fundamentals of Peercoin.

https://preview.redd.it/3v73ap26c4z41.png?width=600&format=png&auto=webp&s=67e30f6f72e7e7ba1370f74a3ad952a3d951f9dd

Peercoin v0.9 Released!

We are pleased to announce that after many hard months of work, Peercoin v0.9 (Codename Strider) is complete and a hard fork is planned for Monday, June 8th, 2020 at 12:00:00 UTC. You must upgrade your wallet client before then!

Changelog:

Peercoin release v0.9.0
  • RFC-0019: PoW Block Spacing
  • RFC-0018: PoS Rewards Adjustment
  • RFC-0017: Limit Effective Coinage to One Year
  • RFC-0015: Reduce Time Drift
  • allow staking=0 command to disable minting
  • ability to filter out mint transactions in the QT wallet

Summary

While Peercoin v0.8 (Mantis) was largely about modernizing the codebase and improving the technical capabilities of the reference node software, the v0.9 (Strider) development cycle was about the economics of the Peercoin cryptocurrrency.
Both the PoW and PoS aspects of the network have been modified. Proof-of-Work changes are rather minimal; in summary target block spacing has been set to 60 minutes, rather than having dynamic PoW block spacing target. Block spacing is currently approximately 60 minutes anyway, so this may not sound like a big change, but it stops some PoW pools from trying to game the system. By making PoW more predictable, RFC-0019 brings inflationary stability to the overall system.
That change is minor when compared to the modification of the Proof-of-Stake side of the system. Some of you may have been following the discussion on RFC-0011, which was ongoing for over a year, and you may have noticed that RFC-0011 was rejected about two weeks ago and replaced with RFC-0018.
In my personal opinion, RFC-0011 is a great idea, probably the best idea thrown around here in the last couple of years, but ultimately it's too complex and we could not get consensus about it. The gist of both RFC-0011 and RFC-0018 is that the Peercoin money supply inflates at a rate of 1% on paper, but we are nowhere near that in practice.
In the old system, in order to have PoS inflation at 1%, a full 100% of all peercoins would have to start minting and solving blocks. This is simply impossible. In reality, over the last couple years Peercoin's PoS inflation has only been between 0.10% and 0.20%, which is far from the "promised" annual 1%. Due to the very rough history of this beautiful blockchain, namely the closure of btc-e, dozens of exchange hacks and closures, as well as a couple of de-listings, we are in a situation today where nearly half of the monetary supply has not been moved for over two years and we can consider those coins lost for all intents and purposes.
The basic principle of RFC-0011 was the following: the Peercoin network promises a steady inflation of 1% on monetary supply, and if you want a cut of it: mint. In essence, if only 20% of all peercoins are minting, the effective reward for active minters would be closer to 5% per year. However, the problem with this scheme is that minters would try to game the system and only mint when minting participation is low. Thus, we came up with RFC-0018, which yields similar results, but keeps the reward calculation simple and prevents gaming of the algorithm. You can read more about the change here.
Long story short, the network will reward active minters more, while keeping the overall inflation around 1%.
Accompanied with an expected inflation drop from increasing PoW hashrate, overall monetary inflation will largely remain unchanged, and will be more stable.
Other changes are minor and do not change the behavior of the network. RFC-0017 is just a consequence of RFC-11, and it stops minters from going offline for longer than a year and coming back to mint. We did not see this as fair, so the coinage counter is reset after a year now. Limiting coinage disincentivizes extremely long term periodic minting, thereby making continuous minting more attractive.
-- Peerchemist, Peercoin Project Lead

Upgrade Instructions

Before installation, make sure to backup your wallet from the main menu.
The v0.9 client can be downloaded from the wallets page of peercoin.net. For users upgrading from v0.8, upgrade instructions can also be found on that page.
For the minority of users that may have skipped v0.8 and are upgrading from v0.7 or earlier, please check these additional instructions from the previous v0.8 release thread as you will need to go through the additional process of rebuilding your block database. If you need help with installation, leave a comment below.

Conclusion

To stay informed as we get closer to the hard fork date, you can follow the latest Peercoin news on our forums, our Twitter, or Reddit.
Other places to follow us:
Facebook LinkedIn BitcoinTalk Youtube Medium
Don't forget you can see the latest updates using the Blockfolio and Delta Apps!
Download Link: https://github.com/peercoin/peercoin/releases/tag/v0.9.0ppc
Final reminder: The upgrade deadline is planned for June 8th, 2020 at 12:00:00 UTC
submitted by Sentinelrv to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Removed comments/submissions for /u/Environmental_Rate_3

Hi Environmental_Rate_3, you're not shadowbanned, but 29 of your most recent 129 comments/submissions were removed (either automatically or by human moderators).

Comments:

fwpf3kg in Bitcoin on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
Antminer S19 Pro for $2300? WOW
https://halvmining.com/product/antminer-s19-pro-110ths/
fwopk3h in NiceHash on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
I'm also planning to order 4 units. Until now the best offer is here: https://halvmining.com/product/antminer-z15/
They also offer free shipping.

Submissions:

hjy800 in BitcoinAUS on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjy7v8 in CryptoCurrencyTrading on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjy7hq in BitcoinSerious on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjy6s5 in vertcoin on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjy6lz in CoinBase on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjy64q in dashpay on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxhrv in BitcoinCA on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxhoy in CryptoCurrency on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxhmm in CryptoMarkets on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxhlr in litecoin on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxhj2 in bitcoin_uncensored on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxhh3 in BitcoinMarkets on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxf8k in BitcoinBeginners on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxezc in BitcoinUK on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxeww in CryptoCurrencies on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxdar in btc on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxd5u in bitcoincashSV on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxd2k in bitcoinsv on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjx84f in myriadcoin on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjx814 in LCCofficial on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjx6o1 in peercoin on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjx6jy in Digibyte on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjx6iq in CryptoCurrency on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjx421 in acoin on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjx40a in Crown on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjx3ra in curecoin on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjvqox in Horizen on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
Is This Miner Really Making $700/Month Costing Only $2,300?
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Failure, Chaos, & Bad Decisions: Why Dash's Horrible 2019 Means It Won't Survive 2020

I. Failure
In 2019, LATAM scammers ripped off Dash's treasury for 1000s of coins while providiing fake adoption statistics and embezzling money intended to save poor starving Venezuelan babies.
In 2019, Dash continued its free fall in marketcap rank, plunging to 27 from a high of 3. Once 5 times Monero's marketcap, Dash is by global free market consensus now valued at less than 50% of Monero, and may soon succumb to DogeCoin, a joke currency based on a dead 2013 meme. Measrued against the standard for altcoins, the once-hopeful 2 ETH for 1 Dash rate has surrendered unconditionally to Dash-breaking bearwhales - 1 Dash is worth less than 1/3 of an ETH now.
In 2019, Dash shills tried changing the subject from the "existential crisis" caused by DCG's failed Evolution Roadmap to other coins' cryptowinter vacations or fake & gamed metrics like tx/day, ignoring the obvious fact that Dash's singularly weak fundamentals and price collapsed in terms of Bitcoin, gold, fiat, and all other Top 25 altcoins.
In 2019, Dash shamefully abandoned tried-and-true Nakamoto Consensus with a cheap, gimmicky "Chainlocks" version of Peercoin's good old-fashioned checkpoints.
In 2019, Dash Core's chosen PR firm, Shift Communications, was a huge disappointment as it failed to engage the community, mitigate public relations disasters like MooCowMoo, or direct attention to EvoNet Platform's Open House. Dash Core also suffered the humiliation of being forced to de-endorse their own Shift Communication proposal, asking MNOs to vote down yet another money-wasting, bloated-corporation-imitating Core brainchild.
In 2019, Dash's identity as "Shitcoin of the year" was confirmed after being called out as a scam by the Crypto Vigilante Group due to the instamine, centralized mangement+control, and slow+broken privacy.
In 2019, Dash's support from Jeff Berwick's Dollar Vigilante Group turned very bearish to to their increased awareness of Dash's instamine and broken privacy.
In 2019, Dash was listed by Coinbase, raising hopes the Number might Go Up. But nobody actually cared about Dash on Coinbase, so nothing happened afterwards to change the market's opinion that Dash is worth less than a cold sack of puke.
In 2019, Dash's PrivateSend feature-cum-liability was broken by crypto research specialist u/Flenst, just as many exchanges were delisting Dash beause of its prior marketing under the old Darkcoin brand.
II Chaos
In 2019, every week wealthy Masternode owners dumped their 7200 "free" Dash, without returning anything for it to Dash's primary buyers. As the compounded Instamine Masternode poopulation grew, the market's ability to bear that overhead simply imploded.
In 2019, Dash went from weak to weaker as falling prices and severe reputation damage thanks to Macrochip & Moocowmoo resulted in budget shortfalls for Core Group Inc, intensifing toxic conflict over who must suffer additional austerity measures. Meanwhile Dash's competitors had great years and their devs wrote AND SHIPPED amazing code, such as Cardano releasing its (absolute madhouse of an) Incentivized Shelley Staking Testnet, Monero putting RandomX into production, and Decred adding state-of-the-art CoinShuffle++.
In 2019, DASH became a nightmare of change discussion and negativity. Instead of an Evolution product demo at the Open House, CEO Ryan Taylor plopped out a FUD turd and then proceded to roll around in it while all 15 people watching recoiled in horror and disgust. Markets hate uncertainty, so Dash Core's confusing new mission of endless scope creep, bikeshedding, and self re-invention only exacerbated existing negative investor sentiment.
III Bad Decisions
In 2019, Dash's increasinly desperate and centralized management+control (AKA spork-key hodler) entity, DCG, having lost hope in ever being competitive with successfull PoW-backed hard money cryptoassets like BTC/LTC/XMR, annouced a shocking, narrative-abandoning pivot to exploring Proof Of Stake options (as well as stripping X11 miners of their fair share of coinbase asset allocation).
In 2019, Dash's CEO ruined the years-overdue Evolution Open House by inciting a massive, controversial discussion after unilaterally declaring Dash is "overpaying" for Nakamoto Consensus PoW security.
In 2019, Dash's long-awaited Evolution release Open House featured no actual product demo as Liz's embarrassingly cringe EvoNet slideshow openly annouced Evolution has devolved into a Zero-Calorie Nothingburger with Vaporware Fries and Lite Ketchup.
In 2019, Dash's established coinbase reward allocation and PoW/PoSe consensus mechanism degenerated into a discussion of which Calvinhash Protocol[1] would fix Dash's massive technical and cultural debt problems, thereby making its Number Go Up.
[1] Calvinhash is a protocol invented by Evan at Dash Labs during an especially intense and lavishly provisioned Psytrance party "research" experience/experiment. Calvinhash has no rules; the miners, stakers, and Instamined DCG Masternodes make up their own rules as they go along, ensureing no Calvinhash proof-of-work, block size limit, consensus mechanism, or block reward is like another. 
submitted by henrygeorgist to DashUncensored [link] [comments]

What Is Staking: The Ultimate Beginner’s Guide

What Is Staking: The Ultimate Beginner’s Guide
Staking means you are holding your cryptocurrency funds in a wallet and thus support the functionality of a blockchain system. Stakeholders lock their cryptos in their wallets. In return, they are rewarded by the network.

Proof-of-Stake versus Proof-of-Work.

What Is Proof Of Stake

To clear up the idea of staking, we should explain the Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism. PoS and its versions are widely used in many blockchain networks.
The pioneers of PoS were (most likely) Sunny King and Scott Nadal. They were the first to describe and implement this idea for the crypto project Peercoin (PPC). Originally, its blockchain was using a hybrid of PoW and PoS. It made the network less dependent on the alternative protocol and attracted more participants. They were miners who came to compete for a reward.

Delegated Proof-of-Stake in BitShares versus Proof-of-Work in Bitcoin.

Delegated Proof Of Stake

Two years later, Daniel Larimer, a prominent software developer, and crypto entrepreneur introduced a modified version of PoS. Its name was Delegated Proof of Stake (DPoS). The first network to apply it was Bitshares. Larimer also launched EOS and Steem. Both projects adopted the Delegated Proof of Stake protocol for their blockchains.
What is the key feature of DPoS? This mechanism allows all network users to ‘convert’ their crypto holdings into votes. These votes are used to elect trusted witnesses (‘delegates’). They will manage the blockchain on your behalf. The delegates validate the transactions and make sure the network functions as it should. The weight of your vote depends on how big your stake is. As a stakeholder, you get a regular reward for keeping your crypto in the network.

DPoS Pros

The DPoS model addresses the important problems of PoS and PoW blockchains. First of all, it’s the scalability issue. DPoS improves network capacity by increasing the speed of transaction processing. It is possible because the DPoS model allows reaching consensus much faster, as it needs fewer nodes to validate a transaction. On the dark side, Delegate Proof of Stake usage promotes centralization: a DPoS network relies on a limited group of delegates for its operation.

How Staking Works

As we said earlier, staking means holding cryptocurrency or tokens to support a network operation and getting a reward for it. Naturally, this process is typical for blockchains using the PoS protocol or any of its versions.
Unlike PoW, this protocol does not rely on miners who validate blocks by doing ‘work’. This work consists of solving math puzzles using increasingly powerful mining hardware. Instead, the mining power of any network participant depends on how many coins they commit to stake. It allows a PoS-based blockchain to avoid usage of ASICs and other equipment that consumes a great amount of electricity.

Advantages Of Staking

The bigger is the amount you stake, the better are your chances to become the validator for the next block and grab the reward. The PoS model saves you a lot of money. You don’t have to invest in expensive mining hardware and cooling equipment. Also, you don’t have to pay huge electricity bills every month. You still spend some money, but it’s a direct cryptocurrency investment. Every PoS network features its own ‘staking currency’.
The increased scalability, ensured by staking, is one of the main reasons why the Ethereum plans to move to this model in 2020 when it adopts the Casper protocol.
There are networks that prefer DPoS. In this model, you may use other network participants to signal your support for some event. It means you delegate decision making to the nodes you trust.
In fact, these delegates are responsible for handling the blockchain, as they deal with the issues of major importance. They play a key role in consensus achievement and make management decisions.

Consensus protocols compared: PoW, PoS and DPoS.

Network Inflation

There are blockchains who pay a staking reward in the form of a fixed percentage, the so-called ‘inflation rate’. The purpose is to persuade more people to stake their coins. It’s like a bank encouraging you to keep your money with them and not at home.
Until recently, Stellar was a typical example of such a scheme. Their fixed inflation rate was 1%. Every week, the network used to distribute ‘inflation money’ among the holders, who kept their funds in the staking pool. The main pro of this model is that you get a fixed bonus regularly.
For example, a Stellar user who was holding 10,000 XLM for 1 year, could expect the reward of 100 XLM. This information was open to all the users, helping them to decide in favor of staking. It motivated the people who preferred a moderate but predictable reward to a big but random one.
In the 4th quarter of 2019, Stellar abandoned the inflation scheme.

Staking Pool

An idea behind staking pools is simple. To form a pool, many network stakeholders combine together. It increases their collective odds of validating a new block and getting rewarded for it. Like in a PoW mining pool, the reward is proportionately split among all the participants. The money you put in, the bigger is your share.
Pooling might be the best staking solution if your network has a high entry barrier. In practice, it means that you have to contribute a large amount of money to enter, but you cannot afford it alone. Note, that running a pool is not free, as there are maintenance and development costs. As a result, you often have to pay a ‘membership fee’ to the pool providers. Normally, it’s a fixed percentage of your reward share.
Besides, pools may offer additional benefits related to withdrawal time, minimum balance, etc. It attracts new participants and results in a greater degree of decentralization of the network.

Cold Staking

Cold staking is when you stake your crypto using a cold (hardware) wallet. Such a wallet has no connection to the Internet. There are networks that let you stake the funds kept in cold storage. The biggest benefit of cold staking is that your funds are 100% safe. For large stakeholders, it’s the top priority. If a stakeholder takes the crypto out of the cold wallet, their rewards are discontinued.

Future Of Staking

The number of users seeking to contribute their assets to participate in blockchain management and decision-making grows. It means staking becomes popular. To meet the demand, the entry process is becoming more user-friendly. Accordingly, more people will be taking an active part in the development of their blockchain ecosystems.

Conclusion

In conclusion, staking is an innovative investment tool. It can compete with traditional ones in terms of stability. In terms of assets growth potential, it’s superior to them.
P.S. Hope you found this article interesting and useful. If you want to read more articles on crypto, finance, and blockchain check out our blog.
submitted by EX-SCUDO to CryptoCurrencies [link] [comments]

Understanding different Consensus Mechanisms

Understanding different Consensus Mechanisms

https://preview.redd.it/a8khq1zpfdx41.png?width=1920&format=png&auto=webp&s=a572570acbf0ab6a07dcf8af86009b6917295935
The BlockChain network consists of a series of nodes that form a distributed architecture. These nodes need to be aligned and run synchronously to maintain security in the network. Thus the concept of Consensus is devised to maintain harmony in the blockchain network.
A Consensus mechanism can be defined as a process where all the nodes abide by the same rules or protocols. These consensus mechanisms are very important for a blockchain network to function properly. The network is shared by numerous users who do transactions. These transactions are further validated to add it to the block and then to the chain. Thus the transactions, as well as the network, need to be regularly checked to maintain the safety and security of the network. Thus a good consensus mechanism or protocol is mandatory to protect the network from various attacks.
These protocols should be efficient, secure, reliable, and real-time so that they can check the authenticity of transactions and to which the network participants commonly agreed to the outcome.
Different Consensus Mechanism
There are different kinds of consensus mechanism which are based on different principles.
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1. Proof of Work (PoW)
Proof of Work was the first-ever consensus mechanism and was adopted by Bitcoin. It became very famous after that and was later implemented on Ethereum, Litecoin, etc. The algorithm is based on solving a complex mathematical puzzle which is very hard to crack. The node which solves it then broadcasts the outcome for verification. Once verified, the blocks are added to the network. This algorithm also rewards the miner who solves the puzzle.
Though PoW has provided the desired security which is very much needed to make the network bulletproof against hackers it was criticized over the years due to its high energy and resource requirements which are needed to solve the complex mathematical puzzles. But this is also the reason why the Bitcoin network is so valuable.
2. Proof of Stake (PoS)
This algorithm is based upon the stake of validators. The validators are decided based on a combination of different factors which includes the staking age and the node’s wealth. Any network user who wants to participate in the forging activity stake a certain amount of coin into the network. This is done by sending a special transaction that will lock up their base cryptocurrency (in Ethereum's case, ether). The stake size determines the chances of a node to be selected as the next validator who will forge the next block. The bigger the stake, the higher the chances.
This algorithm was introduced in 2011 with the idea to solve the problems with Proof of Work.
Some of the crypto coins like Nxt (NXT), Blackcoin, ShadowCoin, and Peercoin (PPC) use the PoS method. Ethereum (ETH) is also switching to a PoS system.
Advantages:
· Enhanced Security
· More decentralization
· Less energy
· Higher transparency
3. Proof of Authority (PoA)
In the PoA consensus model, the identity is chosen as the form of stake rather than staking tokens. It is an enhanced version of Proof of Stake. A group of validators is already chosen as the authority. Their task is to check and validate all the newly added identities, validate transactions, and blocks to add to the network. To ensure efficiency and security in the network the validator group is usually kept small (~25 or less).
PoA was proposed by a group of developers in March 2017 (coined by Gavin Wood) as a blockchain-based on the Ethereum protocol. It was developed with the idea to solve the problem of spam attacks on Ethereum’s Ropsten test network. The new network was named Kovan. It is the main test network for all Ethereum users today.
Projects using PoA: Kovan, Rinkeby, TomoChain, Swarm City, Go Chain, etc.
Characteristics of a PoA Network:-
· Less energy consumption as compared to PoW.
· No communication is required to reach the consensus between the nodes.
· Network operation is independent of the number of available genuine nodes.
· The chance of a node to become a forge depends upon both its stake and overall holding.
4. DPOS (Delegated Proof of Stake)
In 2014, Dan Larimer developed the Delegated Proof of Stake (DPoS) consensus algorithm. This algorithm is considered more efficient than the preceding PoS mechanism.
A DPoS algorithm is based on a voting system where stakeholders cast their votes to a third-party to outsource the work. These delegates are referred to as witnesses and are responsible for the generation and validation of new blocks. The voting power is proportional to the number of coins each user holds. Also, it varies from project to project. Each delegate presents an individual proposal when asking for votes. The rewards received by the delegates are proportionally shared with their respective electors.
Since a DPoS system is based on a voting system and is maintained by the voters, hence it is directly dependent on the delegates’ reputation. Due to this, the delegates are motivated to be honest and efficient, or else they will get voted out.
Cryptocurrency projects that make use of DPoS consensus algorithm- Bitshares, Steem, Ark, and Lisk.
The main advantage of DPOS is that it is more scalable i.e it can process more transactions per second (TPS) as compared to POW and PoS.
5. Hybrid PoW/PoS
The idea behind developing a hybrid Proof of Work and Proof of Stake systems is to maximize the advantages and minimize the disadvantage of both approaches (PoW/PoS).
This method allows mining and staking to create a balance between those outside the community (the miners) and those inside the community (the stakeholders).In this model, the PoW miners create new blocks that contain transactions to be added to the blockchain. As these blocks have been created, the PoS miners vote on whether or not to confirm them. PoS miners stake a portion of their tokens; the larger the stake, greater will be the voting power. However, rather than counting the total vote count to check the validity of the newly created block, the hybrid consensus mechanism randomly chooses 5 'votes' to determine the validity; if 3 out of the 5 chosen votes are positive, the block is confirmed and added to the blockchain. As a reward, PoW miners receive 60% of the block reward, PoS miners receive 30%, and the remaining 10% is dedicated to developmental efforts.
By using PoS voting, these systems protect the network from a 51% attack because it provides an additional layer of verification.
6. Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance (dBFT)
This consensus algorithm was invented by the developers of NEO, one of the world's largest platforms for building and deploying decentralized applications (dApps). The method is very similar to PoS,i.e vote to choose delegates and speakers.
All NEO token holders (ordinary nodes) have the right to vote for delegates irrespective of the number of tokens that they hold.
Any token holder can become a delegate if he fulfills the following criteria:-
· Reliable internet connection.
· Specific equipment.
· 1,000 GAS.
A speaker is chosen randomly out of these delegates. These speakers are expected to keep track of all the transactions and record them on the network. A new block is formed from the transactions that need to be validated. Once formed, the speaker sends the proposal of verifications to the elected delegates. If more than two-thirds of the delegates reach a consensus and validate it, the block is added to the blockchain.
Let me know in the comments what you feel about this article. Do read my other articles where I dig deeper into various technical aspects of Blockchain.
submitted by RumaDas to u/RumaDas [link] [comments]

What Is Staking: The Ultimate Beginner’s Guide

What Is Staking: The Ultimate Beginner’s Guide
Staking means you are holding your cryptocurrency funds in a wallet and thus support the functionality of a blockchain system. Stakeholders lock their cryptos in their wallets. In return, they are rewarded by the network.

Proof-of-Stake versus Proof-of-Work.

What Is Proof Of Stake

To clear up the idea of staking, we should explain the Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism. PoS and its versions are widely used in many blockchain networks.
The pioneers of PoS were (most likely) Sunny King and Scott Nadal. They were the first to describe and implement this idea for the crypto project Peercoin (PPC). Originally, its blockchain was using a hybrid of PoW and PoS. It made the network less dependent on the alternative protocol and attracted more participants. They were miners who came to compete for a reward.

Delegated Proof-of-Stake in BitShares versus Proof-of-Work in Bitcoin.

Delegated Proof Of Stake

Two years later, Daniel Larimer, a prominent software developer, and crypto entrepreneur introduced a modified version of PoS. Its name was Delegated Proof of Stake (DPoS). The first network to apply it was Bitshares. Larimer also launched EOS and Steem. Both projects adopted the Delegated Proof of Stake protocol for their blockchains.
What is the key feature of DPoS? This mechanism allows all network users to ‘convert’ their crypto holdings into votes. These votes are used to elect trusted witnesses (‘delegates’). They will manage the blockchain on your behalf. The delegates validate the transactions and make sure the network functions as it should. The weight of your vote depends on how big your stake is. As a stakeholder, you get a regular reward for keeping your crypto in the network.

DPoS Pros

The DPoS model addresses the important problems of PoS and PoW blockchains. First of all, it’s the scalability issue. DPoS improves network capacity by increasing the speed of transaction processing. It is possible because the DPoS model allows reaching consensus much faster, as it needs fewer nodes to validate a transaction. On the dark side, Delegate Proof of Stake usage promotes centralization: a DPoS network relies on a limited group of delegates for its operation.

How Staking Works

As we said earlier, staking means holding cryptocurrency or tokens to support a network operation and getting a reward for it. Naturally, this process is typical for blockchains using the PoS protocol or any of its versions.
Unlike PoW, this protocol does not rely on miners who validate blocks by doing ‘work’. This work consists of solving math puzzles using increasingly powerful mining hardware. Instead, the mining power of any network participant depends on how many coins they commit to stake. It allows a PoS-based blockchain to avoid usage of ASICs and other equipment that consumes a great amount of electricity.

Advantages Of Staking

The bigger is the amount you stake, the better are your chances to become the validator for the next block and grab the reward. The PoS model saves you a lot of money. You don’t have to invest in expensive mining hardware and cooling equipment. Also, you don’t have to pay huge electricity bills every month. You still spend some money, but it’s a direct cryptocurrency investment. Every PoS network features its own ‘staking currency’.
The increased scalability, ensured by staking, is one of the main reasons why the Ethereum plans to move to this model in 2020 when it adopts the Casper protocol.
There are networks that prefer DPoS. In this model, you may use other network participants to signal your support for some event. It means you delegate decision making to the nodes you trust.
In fact, these delegates are responsible for handling the blockchain, as they deal with the issues of major importance. They play a key role in consensus achievement and make management decisions.

Consensus protocols compared: PoW, PoS and DPoS.

Network Inflation

There are blockchains who pay a staking reward in the form of a fixed percentage, the so-called ‘inflation rate’. The purpose is to persuade more people to stake their coins. It’s like a bank encouraging you to keep your money with them and not at home.
Until recently, Stellar was a typical example of such a scheme. Their fixed inflation rate was 1%. Every week, the network used to distribute ‘inflation money’ among the holders, who kept their funds in the staking pool. The main pro of this model is that you get a fixed bonus regularly.
For example, a Stellar user who was holding 10,000 XLM for 1 year, could expect the reward of 100 XLM. This information was open to all the users, helping them to decide in favor of staking. It motivated the people who preferred a moderate but predictable reward to a big but random one.
In the 4th quarter of 2019, Stellar abandoned the inflation scheme.

Staking Pool

An idea behind staking pools is simple. To form a pool, many network stakeholders combine together. It increases their collective odds of validating a new block and getting rewarded for it. Like in a PoW mining pool, the reward is proportionately split among all the participants. The money you put in, the bigger is your share.
Pooling might be the best staking solution if your network has a high entry barrier. In practice, it means that you have to contribute a large amount of money to enter, but you cannot afford it alone. Note, that running a pool is not free, as there are maintenance and development costs. As a result, you often have to pay a ‘membership fee’ to the pool providers. Normally, it’s a fixed percentage of your reward share.
Besides, pools may offer additional benefits related to withdrawal time, minimum balance, etc. It attracts new participants and results in a greater degree of decentralization of the network.

Cold Staking

Cold staking is when you stake your crypto using a cold (hardware) wallet. Such a wallet has no connection to the Internet. There are networks that let you stake the funds kept in cold storage. The biggest benefit of cold staking is that your funds are 100% safe. For large stakeholders, it’s the top priority. If a stakeholder takes the crypto out of the cold wallet, their rewards are discontinued.

Future Of Staking

The number of users seeking to contribute their assets to participate in blockchain management and decision-making grows. It means staking becomes popular. To meet the demand, the entry process is becoming more user-friendly. Accordingly, more people will be taking an active part in the development of their blockchain ecosystems.

Conclusion

In conclusion, staking is an innovative investment tool. It can compete with traditional ones in terms of stability. In terms of assets growth potential, it’s superior to them.
P.S. Hope you found this article interesting and useful. If you want to read more articles on crypto, finance, and blockchain check out our blog.
submitted by EX-SCUDO to CryptoCurrencyTrading [link] [comments]

What Is Staking: The Ultimate Beginner’s Guide

What Is Staking: The Ultimate Beginner’s Guide
Staking means you are holding your cryptocurrency funds in a wallet and thus support the functionality of a blockchain system. Stakeholders lock their cryptos in their wallets. In return, they are rewarded by the network.

Proof-of-Stake versus Proof-of-Work.

What Is Proof Of Stake

To clear up the idea of staking, we should explain the Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism. PoS and its versions are widely used in many blockchain networks.
The pioneers of PoS were (most likely) Sunny King and Scott Nadal. They were the first to describe and implement this idea for the crypto project Peercoin (PPC). Originally, its blockchain was using a hybrid of PoW and PoS. It made the network less dependent on the alternative protocol and attracted more participants. They were miners who came to compete for a reward.

Delegated Proof-of-Stake in BitShares versus Proof-of-Work in Bitcoin.

Delegated Proof Of Stake

Two years later, Daniel Larimer, a prominent software developer, and crypto entrepreneur introduced a modified version of PoS. Its name was Delegated Proof of Stake (DPoS). The first network to apply it was Bitshares. Larimer also launched EOS and Steem. Both projects adopted the Delegated Proof of Stake protocol for their blockchains.
What is the key feature of DPoS? This mechanism allows all network users to ‘convert’ their crypto holdings into votes. These votes are used to elect trusted witnesses (‘delegates’). They will manage the blockchain on your behalf. The delegates validate the transactions and make sure the network functions as it should. The weight of your vote depends on how big your stake is. As a stakeholder, you get a regular reward for keeping your crypto in the network.

DPoS Pros

The DPoS model addresses the important problems of PoS and PoW blockchains. First of all, it’s the scalability issue. DPoS improves network capacity by increasing the speed of transaction processing. It is possible because the DPoS model allows reaching consensus much faster, as it needs fewer nodes to validate a transaction. On the dark side, Delegate Proof of Stake usage promotes centralization: a DPoS network relies on a limited group of delegates for its operation.

How Staking Works

As we said earlier, staking means holding cryptocurrency or tokens to support a network operation and getting a reward for it. Naturally, this process is typical for blockchains using the PoS protocol or any of its versions.
Unlike PoW, this protocol does not rely on miners who validate blocks by doing ‘work’. This work consists of solving math puzzles using increasingly powerful mining hardware. Instead, the mining power of any network participant depends on how many coins they commit to stake. It allows a PoS-based blockchain to avoid usage of ASICs and other equipment that consumes a great amount of electricity.

Advantages Of Staking

The bigger is the amount you stake, the better are your chances to become the validator for the next block and grab the reward. The PoS model saves you a lot of money. You don’t have to invest in expensive mining hardware and cooling equipment. Also, you don’t have to pay huge electricity bills every month. You still spend some money, but it’s a direct cryptocurrency investment. Every PoS network features its own ‘staking currency’.
The increased scalability, ensured by staking, is one of the main reasons why the Ethereum plans to move to this model in 2020 when it adopts the Casper protocol.
There are networks that prefer DPoS. In this model, you may use other network participants to signal your support for some event. It means you delegate decision making to the nodes you trust.
In fact, these delegates are responsible for handling the blockchain, as they deal with the issues of major importance. They play a key role in consensus achievement and make management decisions.

Consensus protocols compared: PoW, PoS and DPoS.

Network Inflation

There are blockchains who pay a staking reward in the form of a fixed percentage, the so-called ‘inflation rate’. The purpose is to persuade more people to stake their coins. It’s like a bank encouraging you to keep your money with them and not at home.
Until recently, Stellar was a typical example of such a scheme. Their fixed inflation rate was 1%. Every week, the network used to distribute ‘inflation money’ among the holders, who kept their funds in the staking pool. The main pro of this model is that you get a fixed bonus regularly.
For example, a Stellar user who was holding 10,000 XLM for 1 year, could expect the reward of 100 XLM. This information was open to all the users, helping them to decide in favor of staking. It motivated the people who preferred a moderate but predictable reward to a big but random one.
In the 4th quarter of 2019, Stellar abandoned the inflation scheme.

Staking Pool

An idea behind staking pools is simple. To form a pool, many network stakeholders combine together. It increases their collective odds of validating a new block and getting rewarded for it. Like in a PoW mining pool, the reward is proportionately split among all the participants. The money you put in, the bigger is your share.
Pooling might be the best staking solution if your network has a high entry barrier. In practice, it means that you have to contribute a large amount of money to enter, but you cannot afford it alone. Note, that running a pool is not free, as there are maintenance and development costs. As a result, you often have to pay a ‘membership fee’ to the pool providers. Normally, it’s a fixed percentage of your reward share.
Besides, pools may offer additional benefits related to withdrawal time, minimum balance, etc. It attracts new participants and results in a greater degree of decentralization of the network.

Cold Staking

Cold staking is when you stake your crypto using a cold (hardware) wallet. Such a wallet has no connection to the Internet. There are networks that let you stake the funds kept in cold storage. The biggest benefit of cold staking is that your funds are 100% safe. For large stakeholders, it’s the top priority. If a stakeholder takes the crypto out of the cold wallet, their rewards are discontinued.

Future Of Staking

The number of users seeking to contribute their assets to participate in blockchain management and decision-making grows. It means staking becomes popular. To meet the demand, the entry process is becoming more user-friendly. Accordingly, more people will be taking an active part in the development of their blockchain ecosystems.

Conclusion

In conclusion, staking is an innovative investment tool. It can compete with traditional ones in terms of stability. In terms of assets growth potential, it’s superior to them.

P.S. Hope you found this article interesting and useful. If you want to read more articles on crypto, finance, and blockchain check out our blog.
submitted by EX-SCUDO to CryptoMarkets [link] [comments]

What Is Staking: The Ultimate Beginner’s Guide

What Is Staking: The Ultimate Beginner’s Guide
Staking means you are holding your cryptocurrency funds in a wallet and thus support the functionality of a blockchain system. Stakeholders lock their cryptos in their wallets. In return, they are rewarded by the network.

Proof-of-Stake versus Proof-of-Work.

What Is Proof Of Stake

To clear up the idea of staking, we should explain the Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism. PoS and its versions are widely used in many blockchain networks.
The pioneers of PoS were (most likely) Sunny King and Scott Nadal. They were the first to describe and implement this idea for the crypto project Peercoin (PPC). Originally, its blockchain was using a hybrid of PoW and PoS. It made the network less dependent on the alternative protocol and attracted more participants. They were miners who came to compete for a reward.


Delegated Proof-of-Stake in BitShares versus Proof-of-Work in Bitcoin.

Delegated Proof Of Stake

Two years later, Daniel Larimer, a prominent software developer, and crypto entrepreneur introduced a modified version of PoS. Its name was Delegated Proof of Stake (DPoS). The first network to apply it was Bitshares. Larimer also launched EOS and Steem. Both projects adopted the Delegated Proof of Stake protocol for their blockchains.
What is the key feature of DPoS? This mechanism allows all network users to ‘convert’ their crypto holdings into votes. These votes are used to elect trusted witnesses (‘delegates’). They will manage the blockchain on your behalf. The delegates validate the transactions and make sure the network functions as it should. The weight of your vote depends on how big your stake is. As a stakeholder, you get a regular reward for keeping your crypto in the network.

DPoS Pros

The DPoS model addresses the important problems of PoS and PoW blockchains. First of all, it’s the scalability issue. DPoS improves network capacity by increasing the speed of transaction processing. It is possible because the DPoS model allows reaching consensus much faster, as it needs fewer nodes to validate a transaction. On the dark side, Delegate Proof of Stake usage promotes centralization: a DPoS network relies on a limited group of delegates for its operation.

How Staking Works

As we said earlier, staking means holding cryptocurrency or tokens to support a network operation and getting a reward for it. Naturally, this process is typical for blockchains using the PoS protocol or any of its versions.
Unlike PoW, this protocol does not rely on miners who validate blocks by doing ‘work’. This work consists of solving math puzzles using increasingly powerful mining hardware. Instead, the mining power of any network participant depends on how many coins they commit to stake. It allows a PoS-based blockchain to avoid usage of ASICs and other equipment that consumes a great amount of electricity.

Advantages Of Staking

The bigger is the amount you stake, the better are your chances to become the validator for the next block and grab the reward. The PoS model saves you a lot of money. You don’t have to invest in expensive mining hardware and cooling equipment. Also, you don’t have to pay huge electricity bills every month. You still spend some money, but it’s a direct cryptocurrency investment. Every PoS network features its own ‘staking currency’.
The increased scalability, ensured by staking, is one of the main reasons why the Ethereum plans to move to this model in 2020 when it adopts the Casper protocol.
There are networks that prefer DPoS. In this model, you may use other network participants to signal your support for some event. It means you delegate decision making to the nodes you trust.
In fact, these delegates are responsible for handling the blockchain, as they deal with the issues of major importance. They play a key role in consensus achievement and make management decisions.

Consensus protocols compared: PoW, PoS and DPoS.

Network Inflation

There are blockchains who pay a staking reward in the form of a fixed percentage, the so-called ‘inflation rate’. The purpose is to persuade more people to stake their coins. It’s like a bank encouraging you to keep your money with them and not at home.
Until recently, Stellar was a typical example of such a scheme. Their fixed inflation rate was 1%. Every week, the network used to distribute ‘inflation money’ among the holders, who kept their funds in the staking pool. The main pro of this model is that you get a fixed bonus regularly.
For example, a Stellar user who was holding 10,000 XLM for 1 year, could expect the reward of 100 XLM. This information was open to all the users, helping them to decide in favor of staking. It motivated the people who preferred a moderate but predictable reward to a big but random one.
In the 4th quarter of 2019, Stellar abandoned the inflation scheme.

Staking Pool

An idea behind staking pools is simple. To form a pool, many network stakeholders combine together. It increases their collective odds of validating a new block and getting rewarded for it. Like in a PoW mining pool, the reward is proportionately split among all the participants. The money you put in, the bigger is your share.
Pooling might be the best staking solution if your network has a high entry barrier. In practice, it means that you have to contribute a large amount of money to enter, but you cannot afford it alone. Note, that running a pool is not free, as there are maintenance and development costs. As a result, you often have to pay a ‘membership fee’ to the pool providers. Normally, it’s a fixed percentage of your reward share.
Besides, pools may offer additional benefits related to withdrawal time, minimum balance, etc. It attracts new participants and results in a greater degree of decentralization of the network.

Cold Staking

Cold staking is when you stake your crypto using a cold (hardware) wallet. Such a wallet has no connection to the Internet. There are networks that let you stake the funds kept in cold storage. The biggest benefit of cold staking is that your funds are 100% safe. For large stakeholders, it’s the top priority. If a stakeholder takes the crypto out of the cold wallet, their rewards are discontinued.

Future Of Staking

The number of users seeking to contribute their assets to participate in blockchain management and decision-making grows. It means staking becomes popular. To meet the demand, the entry process is becoming more user-friendly. Accordingly, more people will be taking an active part in the development of their blockchain ecosystems.

Conclusion

In conclusion, staking is an innovative investment tool. It can compete with traditional ones in terms of stability. In terms of assets growth potential, it’s superior to them.
P.S. Hope you found this article interesting and useful. If you want to read more articles on crypto, finance, and blockchain check out our blog.
submitted by EX-SCUDO to ethtrader [link] [comments]

I started crypto exactly 1 year ago, this is how I feel now

Well, I actually first heard about Bitcoin in the news, in May 2017. Companies were getting hacked and needed to pay with Bitcoin in order to get all their data back. This was all over the news. So I started doing some searches, not research, because I found a site where I could pay with fiat and bought literally random coins. I bought all the cheap ones thinking they would one day reach the same level as BTC. I bought Myriad, Reddcoin, Doge, Gulden, Peercoin, Feathercoin, ArtByte, Stratis, Waves, … I had no idea what I was doing. Chased some silly pumps. I also bought some Litecoin, which turned out really good. Litecoin was about $25 back in May-June. On May 31, 2017 total marketcap was $80B.
I started to learn about different exchanges (Bittrex) and bought the shilled coins on Bitcointalk; Digibyte, Siacoin, ... Then things started to go down, some coins were crashing and I saw my numbers going in red, every single one of them expect Litecoin. Thought about selling but didn’t. Looking back at this “crash”, it is a joke compared to what is happening now (February-June 2018).
I also experienced the China FUD. Literally thought crypto was dead back in November 2017. Never seen so much FUD before on Reddit. Chinese exchanges had to close, volume was dropping, everyone was selling. Scary. Looking back at it now, this was a joke as well, as FUD started to clear and 2-3 days later, the market was already recovering and going up even more. We all know what happened in mid-December 2017 and some of us were lucky enough to cash out at the right moment, some people HODL. Before this, these were also the days were we didn’t get as much positive news as we do now. Watch this sub and show me negative FUD posts.
I sold all of my shit and started over in December, started doing actual research (not going to name the coins here because of shilling) and I have now invested in coins I really believe in. Some of them are up, some are not but that’s because the market is still down. The one I believe most in is 50% down and sure, it hurts a little bit to see my money disappear haha but I have good faith that this will bring me a lot of fortune in the future.
The crash right now doesn’t really affect me. I’m buying more batches whenever I can and sure, they can still go down and I might have invested a little more than I can afford to lose, but I am seeing this as a long term. Long term isn’t a year, it’s 5-10 years and it’s money I don’t need right now. You can sell now, and buy back in later if it drops more, or you can HODL and not care about this for a few months or years. We will continue to see these crashes, probably even worse than this one and that’s why it’s important to zoom out. Look back a year ago, look back 2-3 years ago ;-)
submitted by wittaz to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Bitcoin mining is a bit more than just number crunching

The charming cryptocurrency and the many ideas that surface in the minds of the observers typically surround couple of apparent concerns - how does it enter being and what about its flow? The response, nevertheless, is uncomplicated. Bitcoins need to be mined, in order to make the cryptocurrency exist in the Bitcoin market. The mystical developer of Bitcoin, Satoshi Nakamoto, imagined a method to exchange the important cryptocurrencies online, by getting rid of the need for any central organization. For Bitcoins, there's an alternative method to hold the essential records of the deal history of the whole blood circulation, and all this is handled through a decentralized way.
The journal that helps with the procedure is called the "blockchain". The essence of this journal may need lots of newsprint for appearing frequently at all popular Bitcoin news. Blockchain broadens every minute, existing on the makers associated with the big Bitcoin network. Individuals might question the credibility, even credibility, of these deals and their recordings into Blockchain. This too is nevertheless warranted, through the procedure of Bitcoin mining. Mining allows production of brand-new Bitcoin and assembling deals to the journal. Mining basically involves fixing of complex mathematical estimations, and the miners utilize enormous computing power to resolve it. The private or 'swimming pool' that resolves the puzzle, positions the subsequent block and wins a benefit too. And, how mining can prevent double-spending? Practically every 10 minutes, impressive deals are mined into a block. So, any disparity or illegitimacy is entirely dismissed.
For Bitcoins, mining is not mentioned in a conventional sense of the term. Bitcoins are mined by using cryptography. A hash function described as "double SHA-256" is used. However how tough is it to mine Bitcoins? This can be another inquiry. This depends a lot on the effort and computing power being used into mining. Another element worth pointing out is the software application procedure. For each 2016 blocks, problem involved in mining of Bitcoins is changed by itself just to keep the procedure. In turn, the rate of block generation is kept constant. A Bitcoin problem chart is an ideal procedure to show the mining trouble in time. The trouble level changes itself to increase or down in a straight proportional way, depending upon the computational power, whether it's being sustained or removed. As the variety of miners increase, portion of revenues been worthy of by the individuals decrease, everybody winds up with smaller sized pieces of the revenues.
Having private economies and neighborhoods, cryptocurrencies like Dogecoin, Namecoin or Peercoin, are called Altcoins. You can easily track your different cryptocurrency by using reputable portfolio trackers.These are options to Bitcoin. Practically like Bitcoins, these 'cousins' do have a substantial fan-following and enthusiasts who are eager to take a deep plunge into the big ocean and start to mine it. Algorithms used for Altcoin mining are either SHA-256 or Scrypt. Numerous other ingenious algorithms exist too. Alleviate, price and simpleness can render it possible to mine Altcoins on a PC or by using unique mining software application. Altcoins are a bit 'down to earth' compared to Bitcoins, yet changing them into huge dollars is a little challenging. Cryptocurrency enthusiasts can simply hope, if a few of them might witness the comparable huge popularity!
submitted by Katherine4512 to BitcoinBasic [link] [comments]

Attention: Bitmain is currently performing a large scam

Bitmain has just announced a new mining machine, the antminer x3, that is designed to mine cryptonight algorithm cryptocurrencies, such as Monero. It is extremely efficient and profitable. A vega 56 video card has on average 1850 h/s at 190wh power usage. The x3 has 220000 h/s (118x stronger) at 550w power usage. It is then 41.08x more efficient.
As can be seen, this is a money machine. Costing $12,000 to have it shipped 15-31 may would net you at today's difficult over $5.3k per month.
Enter the most important part. Seems good to be true, right? It is. This machine is being released to the public because information that asics were being developed/already used leaked to monero developers, and naturally they worked on implementing a fix for that, in order to keep Monero's anti-asic and centralization nature. This month along with other things, code will be pushed to fix this issue and make asics not functional for monero. Every 6 month network upgrade will also have small tweaks in the algorithm to ensure no asic is ever developed or at least profitable to pull.
Bitmain is only selling these machines because they knew monero was adding this feature on the upcoming fork. They then rushed to sell the machines they were using to people who don't know about this.
On their site;
2. There are financial risks associated with mining cryptocurrencies. These risks can be related to changes in exchange rate of the cryptocurrency or to changes in the algorithm that is used to mine the cryptocurrency. Please deliberate well before making a purchase because we will not accept any requests for refund for orders of this batch.
In other words: if a network upgrade for cryptonight coins ever happen (it will happen), we can't be responsible for this. You're on your own and don't dare requesting a refund, we never issue these (quick off-topic: I personally know this very well because bitmain didn't refund me on my s7s even when I didn't receive the miners)
The shipping date is 2 months after the fork. These machines will be completely and absolutely useless. The biggest cryptonight coin will already have forked. Other cryptonight coins already signaled they will also push fix to this issue. Even if one or two CN coins don't implement anti-asic stance, you'll be left with shitcoins to mine. Imagine buying SHA256 asic for bitcoin only to have it available to mine peercoin only by the time you receive them.
tl,dr: Don't buy bitmain's x3. They asic mined monero and now that this will not be possible anymore they want to dump their machines on you.
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Nuv mining | Can You Creat a Ton Of Money Via Bitcoin Mining?

Consumers, investors, fanatics or even technology smart geeks may be wonderful Bitcoin enthusiasts. They can even follow all Bitcoin information as well as have a solitary inquiry in mind. People might simply want to figure out, whether an optimistic future can be taken of mining different cryptocurrencies. Well, it's not a trick or stunning paid announcement. Mining of cryptocurrencies can be a smart step, aside from being a financially rewarding one. And also the appeal of Bitcoin market can not be denied as well. The Bitcoin boom of 2013 and its huge rise in value brought about its reputation. The roller-coaster ride of Bitcoin as well as the other cryptocurrencies, called as Altcoins, discovered a location of reputation in each dictionary of the world. Digital currencies have actually earned adequate direct exposure, and a mining occupation including them can really supply earnings. The miners nevertheless, have to have three points - adequate time, adequate money and an unequaled perseverance.
nuv mining
The initial hurdle involves the option of a cryptocurrency. A fanatic can go on to mine Bitcoin. Or instead pick to extract other readily available cryptocurrencies, Dogecoin, Litecoin or Peercoin. In other words, miners have a lot of options. Comparable to stock, even cryptocurrencies have classifications, blue chip or dime. Mining the blue chip category is commonly associated with security, integrity and a greater amount of profit. Financial on these attributes, individuals are much more inclined towards Bitcoin mining, even if it includes utilizing an enormous computer power. Altcoins, on the other hand, can also offer a fair gain as algorithms are less complex. However with Altcoins, simplicity of mining as well as the potential gains are not always proportional.
nuvmining
Hardware is an element that begins to disclose the real examination. Also a techno-savvy miner can not refute the Bitcoin problem linked to brand-new block generation. The point is to decide upon the computing power to be used. For Bitcoins, algorithms have come to be difficult to hash. Thus, GPUs of gigantic power combined with high-end RAMs and also reputable hard disk drives have to do all the task. The point is to hash at a quick price. Several high-end GPUs running together can speed up block generation and also consequently the payouts. On the various other hand, picking an item of software could not be as tricky. Windows can be selected as the required OS, yet open-source Linux does a far better job. One more demand is a digital wallet. Extracted money have to be kept. One can keep it locally on hard-drive or remotely online. A miner just has to select wisely.
With hardware and software in position, the task of mining begins. A miner may do it all alone, as well as collect all advantages. However the gear has to be tremendously effective. So it's fairly doubtful. Mining pools appear to be a sensible solution as people team up to contribute hash power and makers. Thus coins obtain extracted at a great speed. Collaborating has its advantages; miners get their reasonable share. Multipool is an economical choice. If Altcoin mining is to be embarked on, Middlecoin should be the miner's choice. So with all the active ingredients in place, a profitable mining gear can start. First investment may seem overwhelming, however the earnings are worthwhile!
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Trending Subreddits for 2018-03-13: /r/CryptoCurrency, /r/thisismylifenow, /r/AteTheOnion, /r/programming, /r/sysadmin

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Trending Subreddits for 2018-03-13

/CryptoCurrency

A community for 5 years, 624,284 subscribers.
Cryptocurrency news and discussion.
Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Monero, Dash, NEO, IOTA Lightning Network, SegWit, Augur, Steemit, privacy, ICO, block time, Proof of Work, Proof of Stake, NEM, Peercoin, Vertcoin, Iconomi, Dogecoin, Zcash, BitShares, Walton, mining, hashrate, mining difficulty, blockchain, coinbase, merkle, transaction rate, decentralized exchange, annual inflation rate, total market cap, bitcoin cash, BTC

/thisismylifenow

A community for 4 years, 404,862 subscribers.
This is a subreddit with gifs or pics of people and animals accepting their uncommon situations.

/AteTheOnion

A community for 1 year, 54,460 subscribers.
A subreddit for screencaps of people who failed to see The Onion's articles as satire.

/programming

A community for 12 years, 992,917 subscribers.
Computer Programming

/sysadmin

A community for 9 years, 229,256 subscribers.
A reddit dedicated to the profession of Computer System Administration.
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Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20190918(Market index 38— Fear state)

Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20190918(Market index 38— Fear state)

https://preview.redd.it/ysp6zsndhdn31.png?width=960&format=png&auto=webp&s=c0be175dfbf1b4242b2a89d09398154cdfe1f627

IBM And Citibank Join Singapore Late-Stage Blockchain Accelerator IBM, Citibank, and video game giant Ubisoft have signed up to Singapore-based blockchain accelerator Tribe Accelerator. Local news outlet TheStraitsTimes reported on Sept. 18 that the companies above joined as corporate partners Tribe accelerator for the second edition of its four-month program. Per the report, Tribe helps blockchain startups in their growth-stage by connecting them with major corporations. Startups of this second group operate in fields such as media and advertising, cybersecurity, healthcare, fintech and supply chain management.
Bitcoin Core Developer Advocates Again To Decrease BTC Block Size Luke Dashjr, core developer of Bitcoin, advocates to decrease Bitcoin block size via Twitter once again. Lightning network provider Bitrefill CEO Sergej Kotliar previously tweeted to say, “we’ve been celebrating that the % of SegWit transactions went above 50% the past weeks. In fact the number of bech32 transactions increased 100–200%.” Regarding the view, Luke Dashjr commented that spammers are abusing SegWit’s block size increase to gain an advantage over legit Bitcoin users. He added, “Reducing the block size limit could rebalance this unfair advantage / bad incentive SegWit has created”
European Space Agency Backs Blockchain Satellite Project Blockchain startup SpaceChain has won a 60,000 euro grant from the European Space Agency (ESA) to investigate use-cases for their satellite-based blockchain wallet system.
Ethereum Classic Is Preparing For Agharta Hard Fork Scheduled For March 2020 Through its official Twitter handle, Ethereum Classic revealed that the team has already started working on another upgrade. The tweet reads, “Ethereum Classic Engineers Begin Work on the Next Network Upgrade Nicknamed #Agharta.” The Agharta hard fork would include upgrades from the Constantinople and Petersburg upgrades on Ethereum and will introduce a feature called generalized account versioning scheme. This feature is a versioning system of smart contract accounts that resemble EVM versions which allow smart contracts on ETC to have several account versions at any time.

Encrypted project calendar(September 18, 2019)

OKB/OKB: OKB (OKB) On September 18th, OKEx will hold an institutional meeting in London to share the regulatory environment issues facing encryption organizations. MIOTA/IOTA: IOTA (MIOTA) IOTA will host a community event on the theme of “Internet of Things, I3 and IOTA” at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles on September 18.

Encrypted project calendar(September 19, 2019)

NRG/Energi: Energi (NRG) Energi will launch a trading competition on the KuCoin platform on September 9th. By September 19th, 800 NRG will be presented to the top 470 participants. ADA/Cardano: The Cardano (ADA) project official will host the Wyoming hackathon from September 19th to 22nd. KIN/Kin: The Kin (KIN) project team will host a community gathering in Toronto on September 19. BTC/Bitcoin: The 2019 Open Core Summit will be held in San Francisco from September 19th to 20th. BSV/Bitcoin SV: The Bitcoin SV (BSV) BSV Eco Conference will be held in Hangzhou, China on September 19th. OKEX will jointly host the event as a strategic partner of BSV. NPX/NaPoleonX: NaPoleonX (NPX) Binance DEX will be online NPX at 9:30 am (UTC) on September 19.

Encrypted project calendar(September 20, 2019)

NULS / NULS: The NULS 2.0 Beta hackathon will be held from September 20th to September 21st, 2019. AE/Aeternity: Aeternity (AE) will hold “Cosmos One” conference in Prague, Czech Republic on September 20th COCOS/COCOS: The Cocos-BCX (COCOS) Oasis Arena hackathon will take place from September 20th to 22nd in Shanghai, China (“GO Shanghai”). RVN/Ravencoin: The Ravencoin (RVN) Ravencoin project team will host the “Ravencoin Asia 2019” party in Seoul, South Korea on September 20.

Encrypted project calendar(September 21, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: The 6th FINWISE Global Summit Macau will be held from September 21st to 22nd. Distributed Financial Technology (DeFi) is the main topic of this conference. OKB/OKB: OKB (OKB) OKEx The Africa Cryptour series of talks in Kenya will take place on September 21 in Nairobi. ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) Cardano Ambassador Marin Kramaric will host the Ada community gathering in Croatia on September 21. ZIL/Zilliqa: The Zilliqa (ZIL) Zilliqa project representative will attend the “Bitcoin and Blockchain Future” conference in London, UK on September 21st.

Encrypted project calendar(September 22, 2019)

NPXS/Pundi X: Pundi X (NPXS) PundiX Labs will officially launch the XPOS transaction at the “AkiColle” event in Tokyo on September 22.

Encrypted project calendar(September 23, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: Bakkt, the digital asset platform led by ICE, the parent company of the New York Stock Exchange and the world’s second largest trading group, will launch a bitcoin physical delivery futures contract on September 23. EOS/EOS: EOS main network is expected to upgrade version 1.8 on September 23 DCDecred: Project leader Jake Yocom-Piatt of Decred (DCR) Decrex will attend the Encryption Community Party in San Francisco on September 23 and will deliver a speech.

Encrypted project calendar(September 24, 2019)

ENG/Enigma: Enigma (ENG) ENG main network token snapshot will end on September 24, the original start time is August 26. LINA (LINA): Lina Review will host the Lina network launch event in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam on September 24th and release a 10-year operational strategy. Cappasity (CAPP): Cappasity will showcase its digital signage solutions in luxury stores at the Paris Retail Week from September 24th to 26th.

Encrypted project calendar(September 25, 2019)

MIOTA/IOTA: IOTA (MIOTA) IOTA will host a community event on September 25th at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles on the theme of “Building Your Own IoT.” Quant (QNT): The Quant project will participate in a marketing conference in London from September 25th to 26th, which will focus on data technology.

Encrypted project calendar(September 26, 2019)

ADA/Cardano: The Cardano (ADA) Cardano community will host a party in Washington, DC on September 26.

Encrypted project calendar(September 27, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: Cripto Latin Fest will be held in Cordoba, Argentina from September 27th to 29th. Switcheo (SWTH): After a one-year token exchange process, the project team will officially end the SWH→SWTH token exchange process on September 27.

Encrypted project calendar(September 28, 2019)

ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) Cardano (ADA) 2nd Anniversary, Cardinal Foundation, IOHK and EMURGO main members will participate in community celebrations in Plovdiv, Bulgaria on September 28. TOP Network (TOP): The TOP Network team will hold a hackathon in Prague, Czech Republic from September 28th to 29th. Horizen (ZEN): Horizen project BD Rep Vano Narimandize will discuss the current status and development of sidechain technology at the Industry 4.0 Blockchain Summit on September 28.

Encrypted project calendar(September 29, 2019)

GAME/GameCredits: GameCredits (GAME) is expected to perform hard forks on September 29th at block height 2519999

Encrypted project calendar(September 30, 2019)

INS/Insolar: Insolar (INS) will be on September 30th ERD/Elrond: Elrond (ERD) will conduct main network test on September 30th NULS/NULS: The NULS team will plan to beta the ChainBOX in the third quarter. CS/Credits: Credits (CS) will exchange tokens and bug rewards in the third quarter QTUM/Qtum: Quantum Chain (QTUM) is expected to complete lightning network beta in the third quarter XEM/NEM: New World Bank (XEM) will release mobile wallet and computer wallet in the third quarter HC/HyperCash: hypercash (HC) will complete community management agreement in the third quarter

Encrypted project calendar(October 01, 2019)

HT/Huobi Token: The financial base public link jointly created by Firecoin and Nervos is expected to be open source in October. RVN/Ravencoin: Ravencoin (RVN) Ravencoin will perform a hard fork on October 1. ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) plans to hold technical consensus meeting in Amsterdam on October 1st XRC/Bitcoin Rhodium: Bitcoin Rhodium (XRC) will record account balance awards on October 1st PPC/Peercoin: Peercoin (PPC) will perform Peercoin v0.8 (code 螳螂) hard fork on October 1st

Encrypted project calendar(October 02, 2019)

BNB/Binance Coin: The 2019 DELTA Summit will be held in Malta from October 2nd to 4th. The DELTA Summit is Malta’s official blockchain and digital innovation campaign. CAPP/Cappasity: The Cappasity (CAPP) London Science and Technology Festival will be held from October 2nd to 3rd, when the Cappasity project will be attended by the Science and Technology Festival.

Encrypted project calendar(October 03, 2019)

ETC/Ethereum Classic: The 2019 Ether Classic (ETC) Summit will be held in Vancouver on October 3–4
https://preview.redd.it/ljxtcrzihdn31.png?width=504&format=png&auto=webp&s=b6b91e9c8bfa2b251a2fd1567ebff81e775d9394
The BTC shock retreated yesterday to date and is currently hovering around $10,200. In the past 24 hours, the net outflow of BTC funds exceeded $150 million. Compared with last week, the outflow level of market funds increased again. In recent days, BTC has continued to oscillate downward, but the overall fluctuation range is not large. The medium-term trend is still unclear. Before that, there was little space above BTC, and it is expected that in the short term, the adjustment will still be dominated by shocks. Investors can consider investing part of their funds in other mainstream currencies or even in the Shanzhai currency market. If there is a large scale of callback in the follow-up, it may bring a good opportunity to build warehouses. The upper resistance level pays attention to $10,800, while the lower support level continues to pay attention to the $10,000 level. Operational aspects, the spot continues to hold, low replenishment strategy unchanged, under $10,000 can be considered gradually deployed futures leverage.
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Trending Subreddits for 2017-12-24: /r/CryptoCurrency, /r/YouShouldKnow, /r/ExpectationVsReality, /r/wholesomememes, /r/badwomensanatomy

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Trending Subreddits for 2017-12-24

/CryptoCurrency

A community for 4 years, 311,391 subscribers.
Cryptocurrency news and discussion.
Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Monero, Dash, NEO, IOTA Lightning Network, SegWit, Augur, Steemit, privacy, ICO, block time, Proof of Work, Proof of Stake, NEM, Peercoin, Vertcoin, Iconomi, Dogecoin, Zcash, BitShares, Walton, mining, hashrate, mining difficulty, blockchain, coinbase, merkle, transaction rate, decentralized exchange, annual inflation rate, total market cap, bitcoin cash, BTC

/YouShouldKnow

A community for 8 years, 706,645 subscribers.

/ExpectationVsReality

A community for 6 years, 310,717 subscribers.
Comparison pictures and memes.

/wholesomememes

A community for 1 year, 1,073,475 subscribers.
Welcome to the wholesome side of the internet! This community is for those searching for a way to capture virtue on the internet.

/badwomensanatomy

A community for 3 years, 76,518 subscribers.
Women are made of sugar and spice and all things nice. Except their vaginas which are sqwicky and attract bears.
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Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20190927(Market index 24— Extreme Fear state)

Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20190927(Market index 24— Extreme Fear state)

https://preview.redd.it/d8xhqibul4p31.png?width=960&format=png&auto=webp&s=2f382b85de44bff06c79db5e4f89aeb76b92505f

Medici Bank Will Be Piloting Digital Onboarding Procedures Puerto Rico-based Medici Bank, founded by a direct descendant of the Italian Medici dynasty, launches private beta testing in October. Medici Bank will be piloting digital onboarding procedures, application programming interface and web portals with five global firms, two or three of which represent crypto businesses, Coindesk reports Sept 26.
Facebook In Talks For Sandberg To Testify To Congress As Soon As October Facebook Inc. is negotiating with a key congressional committee for Chief Operating Officer Sheryl Sandberg to testify as soon as next month, people familiar with the talks said, amid questions about the social media giant’s market power and its plans for a digital cryptocurrency called Libra. Sandberg is expected to appear at a hearing as soon as late October, but officials are still negotiating the details with the House Financial Services Committee, the people said. It’s possible the hearing could slip to later in the year, one of the people said. Sandberg’s appearance would follow July hearings with Facebook executive and Libra co-creator David Marcus, who faced sharp questions from House and Senate panels on whether Facebook could be trusted to create a cryptocurrency and whether Libra might be used for nefarious purposes. The discussions are taking place as the social media giant is facing questions about its market power and its plans for a digital cryptocurrency called Libra. Facebook declined to comment. A spokeswoman for the House Financial Services Committee didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment.
Venezuela’s Central Bank Is Exploring The Addition Of Bitcoin And Ether To Its Reserves The central bank of Venezuela is running internal tests to determine whether it can add cryptocurrencies, specifically Bitcoin and Ether, to its international reserves, according to a report by Bloomberg. The test came at the request of Petroleos de Venezuela SA (PDVSA), the state-owned oil and natural gas company. PDVSA is looking to have the Venezuelan central bank pay the company’s suppliers on its behalf using the Bitcoin and Ether it has obtained.
Unilever Says Its Blockchain Ad-Buying Pilot Saved The Company Money By 2% To 3% According to a report published on Sept. 26, executive vice-president for global media at Unilever Luis Di Como told advertisement news outlet Campaign that using blockchain has helped the company save money. The consumer packaged goods giant said there was no leakage in its media investments made as part of the pilot project. Unilever has been collaborating with computing giant IBM on the project in question for the past 18 months. It is estimated that Unilever saved two to three percent using the blockchain platform.

Encrypted project calendar(September 27, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: Cripto Latin Fest will be held in Cordoba, Argentina from September 27th to 29th. Switcheo (SWTH): After a one-year token exchange process, the project team will officially end the SWH→SWTH token exchange process on September 27.

Encrypted project calendar(September 28, 2019)

ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) Cardano (ADA) 2nd Anniversary, Cardinal Foundation, IOHK and EMURGO main members will participate in community celebrations in Plovdiv, Bulgaria on September 28. TOP Network (TOP): The TOP Network team will hold a hackathon in Prague, Czech Republic from September 28th to 29th. Horizen (ZEN): Horizen project BD Rep Vano Narimandize will discuss the current status and development of sidechain technology at the Industry 4.0 Blockchain Summit on September 28.

Encrypted project calendar(September 29, 2019)

GAME/GameCredits: GameCredits (GAME) is expected to perform hard forks on September 29th at block height 2519999

Encrypted project calendar(September 30, 2019)

INS/Insolar: Insolar (INS) will be on September 30th ERD/Elrond: Elrond (ERD) will conduct main network test on September 30th NULS/NULS: The NULS team will plan to beta the ChainBOX in the third quarter. CS/Credits: Credits (CS) will exchange tokens and bug rewards in the third quarter QTUM/Qtum: Quantum Chain (QTUM) is expected to complete lightning network beta in the third quarter XEM/NEM: New World Bank (XEM) will release mobile wallet and computer wallet in the third quarter HC/HyperCash: hypercash (HC) will complete community management agreement in the third quarter

Encrypted project calendar(October 01, 2019)

HT/Huobi Token: The financial base public link jointly created by Firecoin and Nervos is expected to be open source in October. RVN/Ravencoin: Ravencoin (RVN) Ravencoin will perform a hard fork on October 1. SHND/StrongHands: StrongHands (SHND) SHND 1000: The 1st currency exchange event will be held on October 1. ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) plans to hold technical consensus meeting in Amsterdam on October 1st XRC/Bitcoin Rhodium: Bitcoin Rhodium (XRC) will record account balance awards on October 1st PPC/Peercoin: Peercoin (PPC) will perform Peercoin v0.8 (code tang lang) hard fork on October 1st

Encrypted project calendar(October 02, 2019)

BNB/Binance Coin: The 2019 DELTA Summit will be held in Malta from October 2nd to 4th. The DELTA Summit is Malta’s official blockchain and digital innovation campaign. BTC/Bitcoin: The B.Tokyo 2019 conference will be held in Tokyo from October 2nd to 3rd. CAPP/Cappasity: The Cappasity (CAPP) London Science and Technology Festival will be held from October 2nd to 3rd, when the Cappasity project will be attended by the Science and Technology Festival.

Encrypted project calendar(October 03, 2019)

ETC/Ethereum Classic: The 2019 Ether Classic (ETC) Summit will be held in Vancouver on October 3–4 ANT/Aragon: Aragon (ANT) is the AGP for the new mandatory community review period, with a deadline of October 3.

Encrypted project calendar(October 04, 2019)

KNC/Kyber Network: Kyber Network (KNC) will update the maxGasPrice parameter in the Kyber Network contract from 100 gwei to 50 gwei within 2 weeks after October 4.

Encrypted project calendar(October 05, 2019)

Ontology (ONT): Ony Ji will attend the blockchain event in Japan on October 5th and explain the practical application based on the ontology network.

Encrypted project calendar(October 06, 2019)

SPND/ Spendcoin: Spendcoin (SPND) will be online on October 6th

Encrypted project calendar(October 07, 2019)

GNO/Gnosis: Gnosis (GNO) will discuss the topic “Decentralized Trading Agreement Based on Ethereum” will be held in Osaka, Japan on October 7th. Kyber and Uniswap, Gnosis and Loopring will attend and give speeches.

Encrypted project calendar(October 08, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: The 2nd Global Digital Mining Summit will be held in Frankfurt, Germany from October 8th to 10th.

Encrypted project calendar(October 09, 2019)

CENNZ/Centrality: Centrality (CENNZ) will meet in InsurTechNZ Connect — Insurance and Blockchain on October 9th in Auckland.

Encrypted project calendar(October 10, 2019)

INB/Insight Chain: The Insight Chain (INB) INB public blockchain main network will be launched on October 10. VET/Vechain: VeChain (VET) will attend the BLOCKWALKS Blockchain Europe Conference on October 10. CAPP/Cappasity: Cappasity (CAPP) Cappasity will be present at the Osaka Global Innovation Forum in Osaka (October 10–11).

Encrypted project calendar(October 11, 2019)

OKB/OKB: OKB (OKB) OKEx series of talks will be held in Istanbul on October 11th to discuss “the rise of the Turkish blockchain.”

Encrypted project calendar(October 12, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: The 2019 Global Mining Leaders Summit will be held in Chengdu, China from October 12th to 14th.

Encrypted project calendar(October 14, 2019)

BCH/Bitcoin Cash: The ChainPoint 19 conference will be held in Armenia from October 14th to 15th.

Encrypted project calendar(October 12, 2019)

RUFF/RUFF Token: Ruff will end the three-month early bird program on October 15th KAT/Kambria: Kambria (KAT) exchanges ERC20 KAT for a 10% bonus on BEP2 KAT-7BB, and the token exchange reward will end on October 15. BTC/Bitcoin: The Blockchain Technology Investment Summit (CIS) will be held in Los Angeles from October 15th to 16th.

BTC continued its downward trend from yesterday to today, dropping to around $7,800. In the past 24 hours, the net outflow of BTC funds exceeded US$300 million, and the outflow of market funds has a trend of enlargement. BTC fell below $8,000 at one point in the morning, then rebounded quickly back above $8,000. Short-term market is still expected to be dominated by large-range shocks. If the $8,000 barrier is not held, it is possible to test support around $7,500 below. In terms of operation, the stage bottom still needs time to polish. It is suggested that the storage space should be controlled at about 50%.
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Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20190928(Market index 32— Fear state)

Daily analysis of cryptocurrencies 20190928(Market index 32— Fear state)

https://preview.redd.it/wy2qulbozbp31.png?width=960&format=png&auto=webp&s=198d99d7ba13997467f4183e98b5cdd8252ce02a

New Spyware Replaces Crypto Wallets On Clipboard Via Telegram Amerian Internet infrastructure firm Juniper Networks has found new spyware that uses Telegram App to replace crypto addresses with its own. Moreover, the malware also includes a function that replaces cryptocurrency wallets from the clipboards with the one by the attacker’s party. According to the report, the spyware’s clipping supports a number of major cryptos such as Bitcoin (BTC), Ether (ETH), XRP, Bitcoin Cash (BCH) and Litecoin (LTC), among others.
Homeland Security Awarded Funds To Austrian Company Creating Compatibility For Blockchain Efforts The Department of Homeland Security awarded a $143,000 other transaction solicitation Sept. 27 to an Austrian company to create compatibility for the agency’s different data formats and blockchain efforts throughout the department. The money was awarded by the DHS Science and Technology Directorate (DHS S&T) to Danube Tech GmbH to develop blockchain security technology as the department seeks to combat forgery and counterfeiting. According to the news release, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Transportation Security Administration and U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services all have responsibilities for data that can be secured using blockchain. These agencies are responsible for processes like identity verification, immigration status, employment eligibility and supply chain security. Using blockchain and distributed ledger technology (DLT), the agencies could issue credentials digitally, which would “enhance security, ensure interoperability, and prevent forgery and counterfeiting,” the release said.
Libra Association Continues Push For European Acceptance Libra Association meant to manage and handle the debut of Facebook’s proposed cryptocurrency Libra has been dealing with some setbacks involving its acceptance, especially from Germany and France, who say they won’t allow the currency to move forward. Reuters is reporting that despite the opposition, the association is still talking to European Union regulators in an attempt to release the currency by 2020. Perez, who worked in a senior-level position at PayPal before joining Libra, is working diligently to overcome the regulatory and oppositional obstacles facing the currency. Depending on how much progress he makes, the cryptocurrency could launch as early as June of 2020. He also said that a delay of a quarter or two wouldn’t be a big problem.
Stablecoin Regulations Would Need To Eliminate Risks Regarding Liquidity Of Underlying Assets, Claims IMF As Central Banks across the world start looking into cryptocurrencies and DLT to see how feasible a fiat-backed digital currency would be, the IMF (International Monetary Fund) has now entered the conversation as well, publishing a blog post exploring the advantages of a privately issued stablecoin, one which is backed by central bank reserves. The biggest problem governments are likely to face with such a plan is their lack of expertise with regards to intuitively designed and efficient platforms. And while Central Banks are not likely to approve a fiat-backed digital currency, an offering like USDC or Facebook’s Libra, could simply be more efficient. The IMF says that regulations will need to eliminate risks regarding liquidity of the underlying assets and that they should be protected from other creditors, if the stablecoin provider goes bankrupt.

Encrypted project calendar(September 28, 2019)

ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) Cardano (ADA) 2nd Anniversary, Cardinal Foundation, IOHK and EMURGO main members will participate in community celebrations in Plovdiv, Bulgaria on September 28. TOP Network (TOP): The TOP Network team will hold a hackathon in Prague, Czech Republic from September 28th to 29th. Horizen (ZEN): Horizen project BD Rep Vano Narimandize will discuss the current status and development of sidechain technology at the Industry 4.0 Blockchain Summit on September 28.

Encrypted project calendar(September 29, 2019)

GAME/GameCredits: GameCredits (GAME) is expected to perform hard forks on September 29th at block height 2519999

Encrypted project calendar(September 30, 2019)

INS/Insolar: Insolar (INS) will be on September 30th ERD/Elrond: Elrond (ERD) will conduct main network test on September 30th NULS/NULS: The NULS team will plan to beta the ChainBOX in the third quarter. CS/Credits: Credits (CS) will exchange tokens and bug rewards in the third quarter QTUM/Qtum: Quantum Chain (QTUM) is expected to complete lightning network beta in the third quarter XEM/NEM: New World Bank (XEM) will release mobile wallet and computer wallet in the third quarter HC/HyperCash: hypercash (HC) will complete community management agreement in the third quarter

Encrypted project calendar(October 01, 2019)

HT/Huobi Token: The financial base public link jointly created by Firecoin and Nervos is expected to be open source in October. RVN/Ravencoin: Ravencoin (RVN) Ravencoin will perform a hard fork on October 1. SHND/StrongHands: StrongHands (SHND) SHND 1000: The 1st currency exchange event will be held on October 1. ADA/Cardano: Cardano (ADA) plans to hold technical consensus meeting in Amsterdam on October 1st XRC/Bitcoin Rhodium: Bitcoin Rhodium (XRC) will record account balance awards on October 1st PPC/Peercoin: Peercoin (PPC) will perform Peercoin v0.8 (code tang lang) hard fork on October 1st

Encrypted project calendar(October 02, 2019)

BNB/Binance Coin: The 2019 DELTA Summit will be held in Malta from October 2nd to 4th. The DELTA Summit is Malta’s official blockchain and digital innovation campaign. BTC/Bitcoin: The B.Tokyo 2019 conference will be held in Tokyo from October 2nd to 3rd. CAPP/Cappasity: The Cappasity (CAPP) London Science and Technology Festival will be held from October 2nd to 3rd, when the Cappasity project will be attended by the Science and Technology Festival.

Encrypted project calendar(October 03, 2019)

ETC/Ethereum Classic: The 2019 Ether Classic (ETC) Summit will be held in Vancouver on October 3–4 ANT/Aragon: Aragon (ANT) is the AGP for the new mandatory community review period, with a deadline of October 3.

Encrypted project calendar(October 04, 2019)

KNC/Kyber Network: Kyber Network (KNC) will update the maxGasPrice parameter in the Kyber Network contract from 100 gwei to 50 gwei within 2 weeks after October 4.

Encrypted project calendar(October 05, 2019)

Ontology (ONT): Ony Ji will attend the blockchain event in Japan on October 5th and explain the practical application based on the ontology network.

Encrypted project calendar(October 06, 2019)

SPND/ Spendcoin: Spendcoin (SPND) will be online on October 6th

Encrypted project calendar(October 07, 2019)

GNO/Gnosis: Gnosis (GNO) will discuss the topic “Decentralized Trading Agreement Based on Ethereum” will be held in Osaka, Japan on October 7th. Kyber and Uniswap, Gnosis and Loopring will attend and give speeches.

Encrypted project calendar(October 08, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: The 2nd Global Digital Mining Summit will be held in Frankfurt, Germany from October 8th to 10th.

Encrypted project calendar(October 09, 2019)

CENNZ/Centrality: Centrality (CENNZ) will meet in InsurTechNZ Connect — Insurance and Blockchain on October 9th in Auckland.

Encrypted project calendar(October 10, 2019)

INB/Insight Chain: The Insight Chain (INB) INB public blockchain main network will be launched on October 10. VET/Vechain: VeChain (VET) will attend the BLOCKWALKS Blockchain Europe Conference on October 10. CAPP/Cappasity: Cappasity (CAPP) Cappasity will be present at the Osaka Global Innovation Forum in Osaka (October 10–11).

Encrypted project calendar(October 11, 2019)

OKB/OKB: OKB (OKB) OKEx series of talks will be held in Istanbul on October 11th to discuss “the rise of the Turkish blockchain.”

Encrypted project calendar(October 12, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: The 2019 Global Mining Leaders Summit will be held in Chengdu, China from October 12th to 14th.

Encrypted project calendar(October 14, 2019)

BCH/Bitcoin Cash: The ChainPoint 19 conference will be held in Armenia from October 14th to 15th.

Encrypted project calendar(October 15, 2019)

RUFF/RUFF Token: Ruff will end the three-month early bird program on October 15th KAT/Kambria: Kambria (KAT) exchanges ERC20 KAT for a 10% bonus on BEP2 KAT-7BB, and the token exchange reward will end on October 15. BTC/Bitcoin: The Blockchain Technology Investment Summit (CIS) will be held in Los Angeles from October 15th to 16th.

Encrypted project calendar(October 16, 2019)

BTC/Bitcoin: The 2019 Blockchain Life Summit will be held in Moscow, Russia from October 16th to 17th. MIOTA/IOTA: IOTA (MIOTA) IOTA will host a community event on the theme of “Technology Problem Solving and Testing IoT Devices” at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles on October 16. ETH/Ethereum: Ethereum launches Istanbul (Istanbul) main network upgrade, this main network upgrade involves 6 code upgrades. QTUM/Qtum: Qtum (QTUM) Qtum main network hard fork is scheduled for October 16.

BTC continued its downward trend from yesterday to today, dropping to around $7,800. In the past 24 hours, the net outflow of BTC funds exceeded US$300 million, and the outflow of market funds has a trend of enlargement. BTC fell below $8,000 at one point in the morning, then rebounded quickly back above $8,000. Short-term market is still expected to be dominated by large-range shocks. If the $8,000 barrier is not held, it is possible to test support around $7,500 below. In terms of operation, the stage bottom still needs time to polish. It is suggested that the storage space should be controlled at about 50%.
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If you think you missed out on the internet craze then give Cryptocurrency a shot!

If You Idea You Missed Out On The Web Earnings Transformation Attempt CryptoCurrency
When the majority of people consider cryptocurrency they may too be considering puzzling currency. Really couple of individuals appear to understand what it is and for some factor everybody appears to be speaking about it as if they do. This report will ideally debunk all the elements of cryptocurrency so that by the time you're ended up reading you will have a respectable concept of what it is and what it's everything about.
You might discover that cryptocurrency is for you or you might not however a minimum of you'll have the ability to talk with a degree of certainty and understanding that others will not have.
There are lots of people who have actually currently reached millionaire status by handling cryptocurrency. Plainly there's a great deal of cash in this brand name brand-new market.
Cryptocurrency is electronic currency, brief and easy. Nevertheless, what's not so brief and basic is precisely how it comes to have worth. Check out our guide on how to sell btc to figure out how you can turn that beloved coin into cold hard cash.
Cryptocurrency is a digitized, virtual, decentralized currency produced by the application of cryptography, which, according to Merriam Webster dictionary, is the "digital encoding and decoding of info". Cryptography is the structure that makes debit cards, computer system banking and eCommerce systems possible.
Cryptocurrency isn't backed by banks; it's not backed by a federal government, however by an exceptionally complex plan of algorithms. Cryptocurrency is electrical power which is encoded into complicated strings of algorithms. What provides financial worth is their complexity and their security from hackers. The manner in which crypto currency is made is merely too hard to replicate.
Cryptocurrency remains in direct opposition to what is called fiat cash. Fiat cash is currency that gets its worth from federal government judgment or law. The dollar, the yen, and the Euro are all examples. Any currency that is specified as legal tender is fiat cash.
Unlike fiat cash, another part of what makes crypto currency important is that, like a product such as silver and gold, there's just a limited quantity of it. Just 21,000,000 of these very complicated algorithms were produced. No more, no less. It can't be changed by printing more of it, like a federal government printing more cash to pump up the system without support. Or by a bank changing a digital journal, something the Federal Reserve will advise banks to do to change for inflation.
Cryptocurrency is a method to acquire, offer, and invest that totally prevents both federal government oversight and banking systems tracking the motion of your cash. In a world economy that is destabilized, this system can end up being a steady force.
Cryptocurrency likewise offers you a good deal of privacy. Regrettably this can result in abuse by a criminal aspect utilizing crypto currency to their own ends simply as routine cash can be misused. Nevertheless, it can likewise keep the federal government from tracking your every purchase and attacking your individual privacy.
Cryptocurrency can be found in many kinds. Bitcoin was the very first and is the requirement from which all other cryptocurrencies pattern themselves. All are produced by careful alpha-numerical calculations from a complex coding tool. Some other cryptocurrencies are Litecoin, Namecoin, Peercoin, Dogecoin, and Worldcoin, among others. These are called altcoins as a generalized name. The costs of each are controlled by the supply of the particular cryptocurrency and the need that the marketplace has for that currency.
The method cryptocurrency is brought into presence is rather interesting. Unlike gold, which needs to be mined from the ground, cryptocurrency is simply an entry in a virtual journal which is saved in different computer systems all over the world. These entries need to be 'mined' utilizing mathematical algorithms. Private users or, most likely, a group of users run computational analysis to discover specific series of information, called blocks. The 'miners' discover information that produces a specific pattern to the cryptographic algorithm. At that point, it's used to the series, and they have actually discovered a block. After a comparable information series on the block compares with the algorithm, the block of information has actually been unencrypted. The miner gets a benefit of a particular quantity of cryptocurrency. As time goes on, the quantity of the benefit reduces as the cryptocurrency ends up being scarcer. Contributing to that, the intricacy of the algorithms in the look for brand-new blocks is likewise increased. Computationally, it ends up being more difficult to discover a coordinating series. Both of these circumstances come together to reduce the speed in which cryptocurrency is produced. This mimics the trouble and deficiency of mining a product like gold.
Now, anybody can be a miner. The pioneers of Bitcoin made the mining tool open source, so it's totally free to anybody. Nevertheless, the computer systems they utilize run 24 hr a day, 7 days a week. The algorithms are exceptionally intricate and the CPU is running complete tilt. Numerous users have actually specialized computer systems made particularly for mining cryptocurrency. Both the user and the specialized computer system are called miners.
Miners (the human ones) likewise keep journals of deals and serve as auditors, so that a coin isn't replicated in any method. This keeps the system from being hacked and from running amok. They're spent for this work by getting brand-new cryptocurrency weekly that they preserve their operation. They keep their cryptocurrency in specialized files on their computer systems or other individual gadgets. These files are called wallets.
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Peercoin vs Bitcoin - A comparison What's New in Peercoin v0.9? Bitcoin Vs. Peercoin Mining - Which Makes you MORE MONEY? Peercoin vs Bitcoin Future of Peercoin

Peercoin is another member of the cryptocurrency family and is very similar to Bitcoin. As with Bitcoin mining, Peercoins can also be mined on a completely open source network. But, what can be said as a true advantage, Peercoin mining does not require highly sophisticated, expensive hardware, which is a pre-requisite in Bitcoin mining. The key innovation of Peercoin is the invention of proof-of-stake, a blockchain consensus protocol that provides efficient, sustainable security and user governance, allowing for a trustless cryptocurrency network with adaptive inflation and a core focus on securely storing all types of value. Learn more at university.peercoin.net. Peercoin is another member of the cryptocurrency family and is very similar to Bitcoin. As with Bitcoin mining, Peercoins can also be mined on a completely open source network. But, what can be said as a true advantage, Peercoin mining does not require highly sophisticated, expensive hardware, which is a pre-requisite in Bitcoin mining. The cryptocurrency is as bit volatile, or even more, than ... Sunny King, the developer of Peercoin and Primecoin, is developing a new cryptocurrency algorithm called Supernode Proof-of-Stake (SPoS). Considering King has been called “the s Peercoin: Was steckt hinter dieser Kryptowährung? Sollten Sie in PEERCOIN investieren? Hintergründe und aktuelle Trends finden Sie immer auf Bitcoinmag.de . Bitcoin Bitcoin Kaufen Bitcoin mit PayPal kaufen Bitcoin mit Sofortüberweisung kaufen Bitcoin mit Kreditkarte kaufen Bitcoin Kurs Bitcoin News Bitcoin Wallets Bitcoin Mining Bitcoin Steuerrecht Kryptos Beliebteste Coins IOTA (MIOTA ...

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Peercoin vs Bitcoin - A comparison

Bitcoin Vs. Peercoin Mining - Which Makes you MORE MONEY? TechCashHouse - Best Bitcoin, Stock News . Loading... Unsubscribe from TechCashHouse - Best Bitcoin, Stock News? Cancel Unsubscribe ... A comparison of peercoin and bitcoin. This video highlights the positives and negatives of each coin. Donations welcome! Bitcoin:16nw52qCMdL1PrnQVZn6iKT5SoZG... Peercoin news- #gocoin #accept bitcoin. Peercoin is the short form name of peer-to-peer coin. It is the 3rd largest virtual currency in the market and is quite similar to bitcoins in most respects ... What Is The Difference Between Bitcoin's "Proof Of Work" Vs. Peercoin & Nextcoin's "Proof Of Stake"? Peercoin & Nextcoin's "Proof Of Stake"? - Duration: 11:09. Why Peercoin is better than Bitcoin. For the Love of Physics - Walter Lewin - May 16, 2011 - Duration: 1:01:26. Lectures by Walter Lewin.

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